Hurricanes and Measurements

In science class we have been recently looking at hurricanes during our warm ups. For homework, we were assigned to watch a video about hurricanes and write about hurricanes and everything that we learned. So here it is:

Hurricanes are giant storms that are created in the Atlantic and North Pacific Ocean. The average amount of energy that a storm creates a day is equivalent to half a million small atomic bombs going off. Hurricanes are mostly made in the spring. They start when the sun’s heat warms vast stretches of ocean to over 82 degrees. These vast stretches of ocean are called hotspots. Moist warm air rises hotspots creating thunderstorms. When surface level and upper level winds come together, forming a circular pattern called a tropical depression. When the wind speeds reach over 39 mph, you have yourself a tropical storm. However, when wind speeds reach over 74 mph, a hurricane has formed. Bands of rain inside over 300 miles long meet at the eye of the storm, the most violent part of the storm. Winds of up to an astonishing 200 mph spiral upward. Downdrafts of dry air create a strangely calm area. Hurricanes are massive, sometimes getting up to 500 miles in diameter and reach a height of 9 miles. Hurricanes can be really expensive. The most expensive hurricane in the United States happened in 1992, and that was Hurricane Andy, which cost a whopping $25,000,000,000 in damage. Scientist are finding patterns and are developing methods of predicting the path of a hurricane and where it is going to hit. Special planes called “Hurricane Hunters” fly over hurricanes and drop down special sensors that measure key information to tell where it is going to go like temperature, wind speed, and air pressure. Hurricanes are awesome forces of nature, yet they are extremely deadly if you are unfortunate enough to be caught in one.

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